07-Oct-2021 08:39:52 am

 Every organization, no matter how big or small, requires cyber security experts proficient in cyber security tools and techniques. At present, no organization can escape cyber threats and security issues without a good cyber security team.

Covid-19 has become another major catalyst for growing cyber-attacks. Employees working from home don’t have access to the same enterprise-level security architectures in their workplace.  This makes it even harder for cybersecurity professionals to detect and mitigate these attacks.

The different aspects of cyber security, including application security, information security, network security, disaster recovery, operational security, and more are necessary to provide security from multiple cyber threats that take the form of Ransomware, Malware, Phishing, and more. There are the numerous tools in Cyber Security that allow professionals to protect their systems and organizations from any attacks.

Top Tools for Cyber Security:

  • Wireshark:

 Wireshark is open-source network software that can efficiently analyse network protocols and enhance security in real-time. Since it is a console-based password auditing and packet sniffer tool, you can use this security software to sniff the network and monitor your network traffic in real-time. Security professionals use this efficient software to capture data packets and inspect the features that particular data packets exhibit, which further helps to identify the weaknesses in network security.

  • Kali Linux:

Kali Linux is known as the most common and reputed cybersecurity tool. It is basically an operating system that contains at least 300 different tools for security auditing. The tool facilitates the organizations to scan their networks to detect all the vulnerabilities in the system. The primary benefit that Kali Linux provides is the various levels of cybersecurity knowledge. 

  • John the Ripper:

Professionals use John the Ripper for testing password strength. This tool can quickly look for complex ciphers, encrypted logins, hash-type passwords and identify weak passwords, which can be a big threat to a protected system. The software can efficiently work with Windows, DOS, OpenVMS systems, and in Unix environments.

  • Metasploit:

Metasploit is not just a tool, but a complete framework that you can use during an entire penetration testing lifecycle. Metasploit contains exploits for most of the vulnerabilities in the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposure database. Using Metasploit, you can send payloads to a target system and gain access to it though a command line interface.

  • Cain and Abel:

It is a password auditing and packet sniffer network security tool used to discover weaknesses in Windows Operating systems. IT experts rely on this software to strengthen security in networking and identify vulnerabilities in the Windows security password. You can use this free tool to discover password flaws and recover them accordingly. Cain and Abel contains lots of functionalities such as recording VoIP communications, analysing routing protocols, decoding scrambled passwords, cracking encrypted passwords, and so on. 

  • Nikto:

Nikto is one of the best cybersecurity tools that conduct web vulnerabilities. Nikto too is an open-source tool. The tool is widely employed by cybersecurity experts to scan web vulnerabilities. The cybersecurity tool detects database threats and detects vulnerability scans. Nikto is mostly used in covering web networks and web servers.

  • Nmap:

Nmap is the first tool you will come across when you begin your career as a penetration tester. It is a fantastic network scanning tool that can give you detailed information about a target. This includes open ports, services, and the operating system running on the victim’s computer

  Other vital activities served by Nmap’s are;

                      Mapping potential attack surfaces.

                       Monitoring service.

                       Monitoring host uptime.

  • Netcat:

Netcat is often referred to as the swiss-army knife in networking. Netcat is a simple but powerful tool that can view and record data on a TCP or UDP network connections. It can be used for both attacking and security. It helps us to debug the network along with investing it. It runs on all operating systems.

  • Nexpose:

Nexpose is known as the most convenient cybersecurity tool that is used for scanning and managing threats and attacks in real-time on on-premise infrastructure. Nexpose is employed by cybersecurity organizations to identify all the potential weak points in a system.

  • Nessus:

Nessus is a popular enterprise vulnerability scanner. Nessus is built to be a complete vulnerability analysis and reporting tool. While you can scan and find ports or services using Nmap, Nessus will tell you the list of vulnerabilities and how they can be exploited.

  • Snort:

SNORT is a powerful open-source intrusion detection system (IDS) and intrusion prevention system (IPS) that provides real-time network traffic analysis and data packet logging. SNORT creates a series of rules that define malicious network activity, identify malicious packets, and send alerts to users.

  • TrueCrypt:

TrueCrypt is one of the most widely used computer system security software used for on-the-fly encryption. Since it is an encryption tool, it can easily encrypt a partition or the complete storage device and build virtual encrypted disks. This tool permits professionals to encrypt layered content.

  • Tor:

Tor is an extremely useful computer system security tool that ensures that the user is undetectable. It gives privacy to users while using the internet. This is why it is difficult to trace their information or explore their identity on the internet. Even if Tor is efficient in preventing cybersecurity threats, it is more useful in safeguarding information security.

  • Tcpdump;

Tcpdump is a command line utility that allows users to perform network traffic capture and analysis. ... It can be used to filter transmitted and received packets over a specific network interface. That makes is a crucial addition to any cybersecurity professional's toolbox.

  • Conclusion:

Cyber security is one of the most important aspects of the fast-paced growing digital world. The threats of it are hard to deny, Cyber-attacks even have the potential to cripple an entire nation. Hence, protecting these networks is not a choice, but an absolute necessity, so it is crucial to learn how to defend from them and teach others how to do it too. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced cybersecurity engineer, you will find these tools invaluable.

Relevant Courses You May Be Interested In: